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Erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine inhibits cyclic GMP-stimulated phosphodiesterase in isolated cardiac myocytes.

Abstract : Recently, an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase, erythro-9-(2-hydroxyl-3-nonyl)adenine (EHNA), was shown to selectively block the activity of purified cGMP-stimulated phosphodiesterase (PDE) (cGS-PDE, or PDE2) in human and porcine heart [J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 24 (Suppl. V):102 (1992)]. Because cGS-PDE was found to mediate the cGMP-induced inhibition of L-type Ca2+ current (Ica) in frog ventricular cells, we tested the effects of EHNA in this preparation. Ica was measured using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique and a perfusing pipette. EHNA (0.3-30 microM) had no significant effect on either basal Ica or isoprenaline (1 nM)- or cAMP (10 microM)-elevated Ica. However, EHNA dose-dependently (IC50 approximately 3 microM) reversed the inhibitory effect of cGMP on cAMP-stimulated Ica. EHNA (30 microM) also blocked the inhibitory effect of NO donors, such as sodium nitroprusside (1 mM) and 3-morpholinosydnonimine (30 microM), on isoprenaline-stimulated Ica. In addition, EHNA dose-dependently (IC50 approximately 4-5 microM) inhibited the cGMP-induced stimulation of PDE activity in frog ventricle particulate fraction, as well as purified soluble cGS-PDE. However, EHNA (up to 30 microM) did not modify the activities of three other purified soluble PDE isoforms. Moreover, EHNA did not change the Ka (40 nM) for cGMP activation of cGS-PDE, which suggests that EHNA does not inhibit cGS-PDE by displacing cGMP from the allosteric regulator site. Because adenosine did not mimic the effects of EHNA on Ica or PDE activity, it is unlikely that the effects of EHNA are due to adenosine deaminase inhibition. We conclude that EHNA acts primarily to inhibit cGS-PDE in intact cardiac myocytes. This compound should be useful in evaluating the physiological role of cGS-PDE in various tissues.
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  • HAL Id : hal-03618412, version 1
  • PUBMED : 7623766

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P Méry, C Pavoine, F Pecker, R Fischmeister. Erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine inhibits cyclic GMP-stimulated phosphodiesterase in isolated cardiac myocytes.. Molecular Pharmacology, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 1995, 48 (1), pp.121-30. ⟨hal-03618412⟩

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